Monday, October 15, 2012

A little history lesson...

The Pledge of Allegiance was not the OFFICIAL pledge of the United States until Congress voted to make it so in 1942.  Congress in 1942 consisted of:
The Knights of Columbus & other churches/religious organizations decided it needed to have God placed in it.  They used their money & influence to put pressures on Congress & the President.  Nationalism was at an all time high and America was entering the cold war.

Eisenhower signed the bill into law on Flag Day, June 14, 1954.

Eisenhower entered the 1952 presidential race as a Republican, to counter the non-interventionism of Senator Robert A. Taft.   Non-interventionism is where a nation seeks to avoid alliances with other nations in order to avoid being drawn into wars not related to direct territorial self-defense.  

Something else interesting about Eisenhower...He and his administration declared racial discrimination a national security issue, as Communists around the world used the racial discrimination and history of violence in the U.S. as a point of propaganda attack.  

In 1940 the Supreme Court, in Minersville School District v. Gobitis, ruled that students in public schools, including the respondents in that case, Jehovah's Witnesses who considered the flag salute to be idolatry, could be compelled to swear the Pledge. A rash of mob violence and intimidation against Jehovah's Witnesses followed the ruling. In 1943 the Supreme Court reversed its decision, ruling in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette that public school students are not required to say the Pledge, concluding that "compulsory unification of opinion" violates the First Amendment.  In a later opinion, the Court held that students are also not required to stand for the Pledge.

The More You Know....

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